There are found essential periods:
- Aninut - the period from death to burial. The word connotes poverty or suffering. It’s understood the mourning is most intense then. In fact, others are prohibited from consoling the mourners during this period. How can someone be comforted when your loved one still lies dead before you.
- Shiva - From the burial to day seven The day of the burial counts as day one. This is the time of comforting. The mourners typically gather in one or more homes, while extended family and friends visit. Food has always been associated with taking care of others, and the food at a shiva usually flows freely.
- Shloshim - The 30 day period from the funeral. From shiva through the end of shloshim the mourner still limits her/his interaction with the world, but mostly returns to normal. Entertainment is limited.
- Shana - The first year of mourning. Some entertainment continues to be limited. The mourner continues to recite Kaddish at thrice daily minyan, begun at the graveside.